One of the key provisions of the Spanish “Startup Ecosystem Law” is the introduction of a new visa and residency for remote workers and international freelancers, known as “teletrabajadores de carácter internacional.” The visa for “digital nomads” is valid for one year and is applied for at the consulate in the country of origin or residence, while the corresponding residency permit, which is issued for three years with the possibility of renewal for an additional two years, is obtained directly in Spain.
Citizens of non-EU countries working remotely for companies located outside of Spain can take advantage of this new method of legalization. This also applies to self-employed individuals who collaborate with multiple employers or have no permanent employer.
Requirements regarding education, professional qualifications, work experience, and income level are imposed on all “digital nomads.” Specifically, applicants must have at least three years of work experience in their chosen field, with at least the last three months being with the employing company. Candidates for this type of residency are expected to have a degree from “prestigious universities or business schools,” although the list of such educational institutions is not provided. A resume posted on specialized social networks such as LinkedIn, Xing, and others can serve as proof of qualification.
A minimum monthly income of €2,520 is required if a “nómada digital” plans to move to Spain alone. In the case of a spouse, this amount increases by 75%, and for each additional family member (dependent children and parents), it increases by 25%. Up to 20% of the income can be earned in Spain by carrying out orders for local employers.
It is also necessary to demonstrate the ability to work remotely by providing a letter from the company management stating the position, salary, and length of employment. The company itself must have existed and operated for at least one year, which can be confirmed by a copy of the registration certificate.
The set of documents required for applying for the corresponding residency permit also includes:
– MI-T form (residencia por traslado intraempresarial nacional) for the applicant (MI-F for family members)
– Copies of all pages of the passport
– Employment contract
– Certificate of no criminal record for the past five years (not required if the stay in Spain has been for more than six months under a different residency type)
– Health insurance policy from a Spanish company (not required if registered with the Social Security system, Seguridad Social)
– Proof of payment of fees (model 790-038)
Complete information on the document submission process for visas or residency in Spain for “digital nomads” is published on the website of the Ministry of Social Security and Migration, through which the process is carried out online with a digital signature.
Our company, Lusa Legal, is an expert in immigration matters. If you want to obtain a “digital nomad” visa and take the first step towards moving to Spain, contact us today at +34 605 33 05 90 (WhatsApp).